Monday, 28 November 2011

Video-clip from Old Time Radio

Here is a short Youtube-clip of Finnish Old Time Radio's broadcast on the 6th November 2011.

This clip is taken after the moment when 700 Watt linear amplifier broke down giving a bad "exploiting" sound and the station was on the air for some time with reduced 100 Watts. The amp was repaired quickly to be back on air with full power. That moment is on this video. Click the photo.

Sunday, 20 November 2011

Next HF-Pirate-Weekend 14-15.1.2012

Next HF-Pirate-Weekend will be Sat-Sun 14-15.1.2012 !! Note the new photo below >

Let's name it name now "Global Pirate HF-Weekend". A test-weekend for pirates from all over the world to broadcast on High Frequencies 10 - 28 MHz (mostly on 15-22 MHz) !!

So, I hope also pirate stations from USA and Canada will join this weekend!!
I think that the stations should prefere 21-22 MHz, which give best skips faraway, but 15 MHz seems to work also (worse below this).

Lets's also hope that all DX-forums around the world will notice this and we will have more listeners around the world, in Asia, Latin America, Middle East and Africa.

Nowdays HF-signals skips easier far away between the continents.

If you want to join already, put me e-mail:
(harriku**** - **** = @ .
(I will publish station-lists only very close to this weekend).

Here below is a photo of one Dutch pirate station's SW-transmitter. It is 65 Watts AM.
This station will participate in January to HF-Weekend first time on 19 mb. (Station-name revelealed later in January). CLICK for bigger view!!


Wednesday, 16 November 2011

TransAtlantic pirate-QSO - year 1991

Radio Borderhunter from Holland had transatlantic-QSO on Sunday 6th of November 2011 with Undercover Radio from USA. That happened around 21.460 MHz!! Listen it here

I thought that this was the first pirate-QSO between Europe and USA. However, Kai from Norway wrote me that the first ever pirate-QSO happend on 1st of April 1991 on 15.050 MHz. It was made by Liwe Wire Radio from UK who was in QSO-connection with pirate named Commandante John of the Revolutionary Voice of Plainsville (quite long station-name) from USA.
Later, in June 1991, also British Weekend Music Radio had QSO with He Man Radio from USA on 15 MHz.

Radio Black Arrow from Holland confirmed me that he was in QSO with Channel Z (USA) several years ago, on the 4th October 2009 on 15.067 MHz.

(Also Dutch Cupid Radio is rumoured to had a QSO with US-pirate Wolverine Radio on 6.11.2011, but this is not confirmed).

But so far we know today, let's announce that the first pirate-transatlantic-QSO was held in 1991 as written above.
Thanks for info to Kai and Borderhunter.

Radio Black Arrow had reception report from India, from New Delhi, from A. Gupta. The first pirate-listener in India?

2. TIME OF RECEPTION : 0810 - 0830 UTC
3. FREQUENCY : 21490 kHz
4. SINPO : 25222




Sunday, 13 November 2011

Log from Newfoundland, Canada - 5-6.11.2011

Here more loggings from the past 10-28 MHz Test-Weekend, 5-6.11.2011.
This is very interesting log from Terry Toope from Newfoundland, Canada. He heard a lot of stations, also many not participating to this test (listed) - and also from USA. (He got many hints on Ian's chat).
Unfortunately US stations did not participate this test-weekend as listed ones. It would have been interesting to try them in Europe with detailed schedule (Well, perhaps too risky there?).

Saturday, November 5
18950,0L.1118 . Baltic Sea Radio, ID, pirate song, ID, 34432
15807,0 . 1133 . Radio Powerliner Int., music, ID, c/d 1137, 25441
15060,1 . 1158 . Radio Scotland Int, music, ID, said 200 watts, 35442
6925,0 . . 1212 . Captain Morgan Shortwave (US), weak music (country or folk), ID via Iann’s chat, surprised to hear him at all at this time, 25341
21890,2 . 1233 . Radio Oscar Zulu, Celine Dion, ID, dance, on past 1430,25432
21490,1 . 1341 . Black Arrow, ID, email, Heart “ Magic Man”, 35443
15009,1 . 1436 . Old Time Radio, ID, ABBA “The Winner Takes it All”, greetings, Bee Gees “Night Fever”, 35433
26020,0u.1450 . Radio FSM, Foster the People “Pumped Up Kicks”, ID, 25442
26020,0u.1501 . Radio Altrex, calling Russia, greeting Jon in Georgia, voice only, c/d 1504, 35443
26050,0u.1506 . Radio Altrex and Radio FSM, Altrex with voice, ID, greeting Andrew Yoder and me, on top on FSM with pop music, also 3rd station calling in voice (could not copy well, but sounded like “Radio Mike” maybe)
26050,0u.1511 . Radio Free Limburg and Kilo November?, RFL calling, KN? answered, talked about receiving FSM and Altrex, voice only, 25442 for each, Altrex back 1517, heard greetings to me under (I think from Free Limburg) and a 3rd station ( “something” lima)
15009,1 . 1316 . Old Time Radio, weak at first, up to 35432 by 1532, Huey Lewis and the News “If This is It”, greetings, Bee Gees “Night Fever"
15800,0 . 1518 . Radio Powerliner Int., pop music, ID, greetings, , voice was louder than music, 25432
24000,4 . 1522 . Shoreline AM, weak music jingle ID, greetings, het from a carrier on 24000.0 (possibly receiver generated), 23331, moved to 24007,4 for a minute at 1538 (better, 25332), then back to 25000,4
13956,6 . 1614 . Best of Briton, barely audible music, ID via Iann’s chat
15480,0 . 1619 . Radio Borderhunter, ID, greetings, polkas, “Wild Thing” 45444
15490,0 . 1629 . UNID, Beatles “8 Days a Week”, “Tax Man”, “Let it Be”, c/d 1635, 24342 (maybe Powerliner, played a lot of Beatles all weekend)

Sunday, November 6
12257,1 . 0933 . WR Int., barely audible at this time, a little better at 1030 with weak pop and talk with British accent, but still barely above the noise, 15341
20795,0 . 0941 . Radio Borderhunter, dance music, ID, email, 25342
15065,0 . 1002 . UNID, 2 minutes of dance music and c/d without announcement, 35342
15060,0 . 1014 . Radio Shadow, weak music, ID repeated, more music, c/d 1017, 24341
14375.0L.1114 . Radio Fox 48, dance music, ID, c/d 1126, 25441
14385.0u.1127 . Radio Free Limburg, “Come Together”, greetings, “Stand By Your Man”, thanked everyone for listening and c/d 1137, 35442
15065,0 . 1140 . Radio Powerliner Int., Beatles "Back in the USSR", “Oh-Bla-Di, Oh-Bla-Da”, ID, greetings, hip hop, 35442
21880,1 . 1149 . Radio Free Victoria, Gino Vanelli “Wild Horses”, “Nights in White Satin” at 1345, 14441
21550,0L.1201 . Baltic Sea Radio, pirate song, ID with seagull sounds, 23441, splatter from 21540
15065,0 . 1342 . Radio Powerliner Int. tuned in to pop music, but a massive carrier from Cairo cam up within seconds, PL covered completely when Cairo audio started 1344, 25342 before Cairo
21490,0 . 1402 . Radio Black Arrow, came on with a bit of “Dragonslayer”, ID, dance version of ZZ Top “Legs”. 45443
21880,1 . 1425 . Free Radio Victoria, dance music, slow song, talk too weak to copy, ID via Iann’s chat, long slow fades, 25331
20795,0 . 1508 . Radio Borderhunter, dance, ID, weak signal, 25441
23990,2 . 1518 . Shoreline AM, ID, email, pop and rock, 25432
15480,0 . 1532 . Borderhunter Radio, Johnny Cash “One”, jingle IDs, Buck Owens “Johnny Be Good”, 45444
15380,0 . 1542 . Radio Powerliner Int., Beatles “I Feel Fine”, “Revolution”, ID, 25441
15149.0u.1545 . Radio Fox 48, dance music, rather distorted in usb, jingle ID, 25441
21460,1 . 1557. Cupid Radio, ID, beaming to the USA, 400 watts, pop, on past 1735, 25442
15045,0 . 1636 .Radio Shadow, barely audible music fading in and out, moved to 15060 at 1651, c/d 1655, ID via Iann’s chat
21460,0 . 1855 . Wolverine Radio (US), several Cupid-themed songs, ID, SSTV and c/d 1905, 45444 (Cupid then called for QSO, but no reply. Also Black Arrow gave very short report.)

Thursday, 10 November 2011

Old Time Radio-photos - 5-6-.11.2011

I got again photos from Finnish Old Time Radio. These are from the broadcast-session held on the 5-6.11.2011 - on 19 mb and 48 mb.

Here are the photos of temporary studio and 100 W-transmitter with 700 W amplifier.

Antenna is very special again: 3-element quad, made by Finnish wood products!
It is hanging in the air about 6 m high with wires between the trees.
For the 48 mb the antenna was inverted V-dipole about 20 m high in the trees.
OTR was receiver around the world, forexample in California and Japan and all around Europe.
(Here are the old photos of OTR's similar brodcast in January 2011 with long-wire-antenna).


Tuesday, 8 November 2011

Youtube-clip of mobile-receptions in Japan

Here is a very good Youtube-videoclip from Saitama, Japan, made by Peacemakerjapan.
He listen Euro-pirates in a car with weak but clear signals!
There are tuned Old Time Radio, Radio Scotland, Cupid Radio and Radio Borderhunter. Click the photo below to see this nice video:

Monday, 7 November 2011

Reports and comments afterwards

Many have asked e-mails for the stations. Here some of them:
- Radio Black Arrow
- Old Time Radio - (Mr Emil Ranta)
- Cupid Radio -
- Radio Scotland (Holland) -
- Baltic Sea Radio - (DJ Sailor)
- Radio Borderhunter -

* * * *
Signals in New Zealand!!
Stations got reports around the worldm but the longest distance was New Zealand in Tauranga (John) for Radio Scotland (from Holland), Black Arrow (Holland), Borderhunter (Holland) and Baltic Sea Radio (Scandinavia). SW-skips surprises us every now and then!
Clips of Black Arrow in New Zealand: Clip 1 - - Clip 2
Clips of Borderhunter in New Zealand: Clip 1 - - Clip 2

* * * *
Radio Scotland had also signal in Japan on 15.060 MHz Clip-here - made by Takunioh

* * * *
Here loggings from Ukraine, by Alexandr in Kiev:
14.24 - 21490,0 - Radio Black Arrow - 45533
14.38 - 24000,0 - Shoreline Radio - 33522
14.43 - 21890,3 - Radio Oscar Zulu (tent.) - 25532
14.45 - 15009,3 - Oldtime Radio - 44444
15.20 - 15800,1 - Radio Powerliner Int'l - 45433
15.32 - 23990,0 - Shoreline Radio - 45433
16.40 - 15480,0 - Borderhunter Radio - 45544

14.06 - 21490,0 - Radio Black Arrow - 45533
14.26 - 21880,0 - Free Radio Victoria - 25432
14.54 - 23990,3 - Shoreline Radio - 44544
15.08 - 20795,0 - Borderhunter Radio - 35422
15.35 - 15480,0 - Borderhunter Radio - 45433

I will publish mp3-clips on my site later: GO HERE/ Alexandr

* * * *
Youtube-clips of Baltic Sea Radio made by Takeshi W. in Japan
Youtube 1 - Youtube 2

* * * *
Youtube-clips of Old Time Radio and Black Arrow - made by Token in California, USA
Youtube Old Time R - - Youtube Black Arrow

* * * *
Comments from Oslo, Norway by Kai S. (not listening this weekend).
He writes:
"I read on the HFU that Cupid had a QSO with Wolverine R. on Sunday! Not bad!
I don't think the QSO between Black Arrow and Channel Z was the first transatlantic QSO, by the way. I believe Live Wire Radio (UK) had several contacts with NA stations on 15 MHz in the early 90s (or was it somebody else?)."

Radio Borderhunter comment this afeterwards:
"Your are right Kai! It was Live Wire from the UK, it was far away in my mind but now I remember it again. I did received that time a qso's between them too.
73 - Frans, Borderhunter."


Sunday, 6 November 2011

Summary of the Japan Weekend!

Here a short summary of this HF-test weekend. It was very succesful !!

Despite this was named Japan test-Weekend it was naturally targeted to everybody around the world, too. The name came originally from my Japanese contacts when we made this first time in January 2011.
We originally planned to make this weekend in April but because of disaster in Japan we had to cancel it.

I have had many thanks from all around the world for organizing this weekend, from stations and from listeners. Thank you very much for the positive feedback to everybody!

The fact was that frequencies over 21 MHz was better open than 15 MHz. That was a surprise!

However, there were many receptions in USA and Japan - and even in India and Uzbekistan.
Also nice to have loggings from Ukraine and Russia.

We make this again later! Perhaps around Xmas or New Year. Let's see.


Harri Kujala,
Naantali - Finland

Message from Uzbekistan from Uzbekdx:
Thank you for good weekend. Today was a nice propogation on 13 mb. Listen with pleasure two stations:
07:56-0855 on 21460 Cupid Radio SIO=2-3/5/2-3
08:05-08:44 on 21490 Radio Black Arrow SIO=2-3/5/2-3 on both frequency with QSB.
And all with 40 cm antenna whip!


Leave Sunday-reports and comments here

The latest updates to this page:

-More loggings
added on lists below to Finland-section and to SPAIN!

- More Youtube-clips from Japan of Borderhunter, Cupid and Old Time Radio!! See below under Japan-section!

Write your comments and observations from this Sunday under this text.
Click the Comment-box and write your message.

Spain, Catalonia (Artur Fernández Llorella, MALGRAT DE MAR, Spain)
5th November
15807 KHz, 10.25, Radio Powerliner, music, 23322
18950 KHz (LSB), 09.35, Baltic Sea R., rock mx, closed at 09.45, 24442
21490 KHz, 10.10, Radio Black Arrow, E, music, ids, playing Yazoo, 24442

6th November
9301 KHz, 09.25, FRSH, E, music, ids, 23332
12257 KHz, 08.50, WR International, E, music, playing M Jackson, 24332
12280 KHz, 09.50, Unid, Shoreline?, music, 23222
15009 KHz, 09.10, Old Time Radio, E, music, playing "I'll survive", 23332
15060 KHz, 08.10, Radio Scotland, E, ids, playing "Amer. woman", 44444
15800 KHz, 08.15, Radio Powerliner, E, music, ids, pl. "Mirror man", 24442
20795 KHz, 08.35, Radio Borderhunter, E, music, playing rock&roll, 22332
21460 KHz, 08.20, Radio Cupido, E, music, 22332
21490 KHz, 08.25, Radio Black Arrow, E, ids, e-mail, music, playing Eurythmics, 23442
21550 KHz (LSB), 09.30, Baltic Sea Radio, music, ids, e-mail, playing ABBA and Roxette, 34433


Radio Black Arrow has e-mail-reports from Belgorod and Togliatti from Russia!


Rick's loggings from the afternoon session
15065 Powerliner S9 13.36- UTC.
21880 Free Radio Victoria S9+20dB in the peaks, 11.50-
15480 Borderhunter S9 15.35-

Rick's loggings from the morning session:
15060,1 R. Scotland Int S9+10dB 07.01-UTC
15800 Powerliner S9 07.48-
21490 Black Arrow S9+10dB 08.08-
20795 Borderhunter S9+10dB 08.13-
21460,3 Cupid R. S9+20dB 08.23-
12257,1 WR Int. S7 08.35-
9301,3 FRSH S7 08.55-
21490 BS Radio S9+10dB 08.59-
15009,3 OTR (tentative) only visible, 09.20-
15060 R. Shadow (tentative) S7 09.46-
15065 UNID S8 09.57-

Cupid Radio informs us that he has e-mail also from Tashkent, Uzbekistan (from Uzbekdx)!!!

"Unbeleivable...listening to Cupid Radio 350 watts on 21460 khz, SINPO 35333 here in New Delhi, India !!" (Alokesh Gupta)

New Zealand
Tentatively Shoreline "on 24000.03 audible weakly here in New Zealand with heavy rock music at 0758 UTC! " (Bryan DX, New Zealand))

Good conditions in Japan to Europe today:
- Thanks-message from Japan

Takunioh from Japan reports:
Sunday's Audio clips,R.Black Arrow and R.Borderhunter are here.
He has been listen with mobile-equipment with Eton E1 and antenna Sony AN-12.

"Shimane" from JAPAN reports many stations around 0800UTC~
15.009AkHz Old Time Radio youtube
21.460AkHz Cupid Radio youtube
21.490kHz Radio Black Arrow (up)- Youtube-video
20.795kHz Radio Borderhunter youtube

Report from
S.Hasegawa, Japan:
"I received 20795 -Radio Borderhunter / 21460-Cupid Radio / 21490-Radio Black Arrow and 21550-BSR at 0830UT.

- Shoreline AM 24.000 MHz 07.20 utc with SINPO 44333 or even better (signal level increasing with time) in Ukraine. (DXer: Vitaly)

At 08.10 utc big signals in Ukraine!! (DXer: Vitaly)
15060 - Radio Scotland International, 34333
21460 - Radio Cupid, SINPO 55533...55544
21490 - Radio Black Arrow, SINPO 54544,
20795 - Radio Borderhunter, SINPO 45444

Another log from Ukraine, Lviv (DXer: Ihor) 08-09 utc
20795 Borderhunter sinpo 35333
21460 Cupid Radio sinpo 45434
21490 Black Arrow Radio sinpo 45434

.Here is a photo from "Radiosiesta" from Japan. He is listening Europirates outdoors with mobile-equipment. The listening place is a horse-racetrack. Great!! Sunday 6.11.2011 at 07.00 utc!

Radio Borderhunter on 20.795 + FRSH 9.300 MHz

On Sunday morning Radio Borderhunter will be on the air on 20.795 MHz.
07.00 - 08.00 utc / 10.00 - 11.00 utc.

In the afternoon the station will broadcast on 15.480 MHz at 16.00 - 17.00 utc.

FRS Holland will be on the air this Sunday morning (as schedules) on 9.300 MHz at 08:52 UTC= 09:52 CET.


Saturday, 5 November 2011

Sunday 6.11.2011

Please check some possible updates in the Sunday schedule below this blog.

Here one update from Radio Powerliner

- 15.065 or 15.807 MHz - AM

Sunday: 09.00 - 10.00 utc and 13.00 - 14.30 uTC
Also a transmission is planned on 17.600 MHz in the early Sunday morning.

Radio Borderhunter will give new frequency on Sunday morning.

Euro-signals in Georgia, USA

Here are the loggings from Georgia, USA
Jon Maples from Tallapoosa, Georgia USA heard these today:

Radio Oscar Zulu 21.890 1310-1435 utc Best was 1400-1435 utc SINPO is 25222 at best peak. E-mail to Oscar Zulu??? mp3

Radio Black Arrow 21.490 1400 utc SINPO...34233 peak mp3-1
Shoreline Radio 24000 khz 1547-1610 utc SINPO 13221

Radio Altrex 26020 khz usb doing qso chat SINPO 23233

Radio Borderhunter 15480 khz 1645 utc SINPO 34333

Radio Borderhunter and Undercover Radio having trans-atlantic qso!
15480 khz 1734 - 1745 utc SINPO 34333 mp3

Radio FSM 26020 khz usb and AM 1450 - 1502 utc SINPO 14222 at peak

Euro-pirate and US-pirate-QSO today !!

Radio Borderhunter (Holland) got reception reports today from Canada and from different states of America like New York, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Georgia and others!!
They heard also many other European pirates in USA. I hope to have some loggings also from USA later!! (So far I know, Finnish Old Time Radio was also received in California).

The exceptional moment today was QSO between
Radio Borderhunter and Undercover from USA - after Borderhunters broadcast. They heard each other very well changed signal-reports to each other!! Congratulations!!
LISTEN THIS QSO (26 Mb mp3-file)


Signal-reports and comments here!

New observations/notes:
- Shoreline Radio 12280,3 kHz. Late afternoon signal in Finland, 16.48UTC S9+20dB
- "Simane" from Japan heard Cupid Radio (Youtube) and also Baltic S.R .(Youtube 1) (Youtube 2)
- Finnish Old time Radio was received in California !!! 15.009 MHz.
- Mike from Japan wrote about conditions: "I think Upper 17MHz progation was fair, but under 15MHz was not good propagation"
- Radio Borderhunter will be on the air on Sunday morning and afternoon. New frequency given tomorrow! Borderhunter was received in USA today on 15.480 MHz frequency!
- Old Time Radio (Finland) received in Romania (see below)!
- Shoreline Radio has been noticed
in Finland on 14380kHz. Remeber this frequency tomorrow!
- Black Arrow announced a reception report from California!! Big signal also in New York: Youtube of New York-signal !!
- Radio Oscar Zulu from Holland (not listed) was received in Ukraine today on 21.890 MHz! (see below on the log)
- Also Mike Radio from Holland is a new station (not listed). Heard on frq. 11.270 MHz. Keep on ear also on this frequency also tomorrow.
- Report from near Vladivostok, Far East Russia! Youtube (Cupid Radio) See below >


CLICK the comments-box below are write your message! It is open for everybody without any limits for this weekend.


- "Simane" from Japan heard Cupid Radio (Youtube) abd BSR (Youtube 1) (Youtube 2)
- "I received Baltic Sea Radio at 08:03 utc on 21.550kHzLSB" Kanagawa, Japan.
- BSR and Cupid received in Japan by Tanukioh. Audioclip 1 Audioclip 2
- Baltic Sea Radio at 08.22 utc on 21.550 MHz - LSB (Listener "Radiosiesta", Japan)
- Cupid Radio at 08:35 utc on 21.460MHz - AM (Listener "Radiosiesta", Japan)
- Baltic Sea Radio in Japan at 08.08 utc on 21.550 MHZ - LSB - ( from S. Hegsegawa, NDXC)
- Cupid Radio in Japan at 08.20 utc on 21.460 MHz - AM - (from S.Hasegawa, NDXC)

- Cupid Radio
also informs that 'Mike' in Japan heard his broadcast

- Cupid Radio on 21460 kHz, reception in Russian far East close to Vladivostok (80 km) SINPO: 25332 Youtube-link to reception in Vladivostok!!

- Old Time Radio Finland with 15009 kHz station ID at 1526 GMT and then a Spanish version of "I Will Survive". S7 signal with fading here in N Romania
- Black Arrow on 21490 kHz sounds amazing here in N Romania at 1413 UTC. S9+10, like local!!
- UNID, 21890 kHz, S5-S7 signal with fading here in N Romania, music at 1219UTC, "Gotham City" - R. Kelly.
-Radio Powerliner 15807 kHz, weak signal (barely above S1) in N Romania at 1038 GMT. Rised to a good S5 at 1043 with Bruce Springsteen singing "Brilliant Disguise". (Tudor)
-Radio Black Arrow, 21490 kHz - S7 signal with fading in Nortnern Romania; station ID with email info at 1022 GMT. (Tudor Vedeanu)
-Cupid Radio on 21450 kHz, strong signal in Romania! (Tudor Vedeanu)
-Baltic Sea Radio (18950 kHz, LSB), S7 signal in Northern Romania. Station ID at 0921 UTC. (Tudor Vedeanu)


to USA in afternoon in Finland (logged by Rick):
- ROZ R. Oscar Zulu 21890,1kHz at 12.36UTC, 21890,3 at 14.05UTC, very weak but clear ID, fadings.
- Mike R. 11270kHz short test at 13.18 UTC S9, 21850kHz at13.57 UTC S8.
- Black Arrow 21490kHz S9 at 13.47 UTC.
- Shoreline R. 14380kHz at13.59UTC very weak, no ID
- Powerliner 15810kHz at 14.50UTC, moved to 15800 at 14.53UTC S9 signal.

- Mike Radio
- Holland -11270kHz S7 at 12.12UTC.
- Radio Spaceshuttle on 12805,1 S9+10dB at12.26UTC
- Radio Scotland Int 15060,1 at 12.10-UTC S9+10db in SW Finland
- BSR 18950LSB 11.35UTC weak signal via Globaltuner Thessaloniki Greece
- BSR 18950LSB at 11.15UTC via Globaltuners Vienna weak but clear signal
- Powerliner
on 15807kHz 10.30UTC S6-S9 in SW Finland (Rick)
- Baltic Sea R 18950LSB S6 08.30- via Globaltuners Sekule Slovakia (Rick)
- Radio Scotland Int.15060,2kHz S9+20dB 07.45-UTC in SW Finland. (Rick)
- Cupid 21460kHz no signal here, but weak on 6299,8kHz. (Rick)

- Powerliner on 15807kHz, 35333 in Stockholm, a little bit of fading (anonymous, Sweden)

- Radio Black Arrow, 21490 kHz -*1420 54533 here in Eastern Ukraine
- Unlisted station: Radio Oscar Zulu, - Holland - 21890kHz - here in Ukraine 45422, fady.